Road to Gettysburg
July 1, 1863
July 2, 1863
July 3, 1863
July 4, 1863
NYC & Brooklyn
1ST Minnesota & 20th Maine
Acknowledgements & Credits
March 17, 1863
This section of the Manuscripts is devoted to newspaper and journal articles. To
date (February 10, 2000) the only documents in this section are the newspaper articles
from the Winona Daily Republican. All articles related to Company K or the
First Regiment are located in the Winona Daily Republican page. The articles begin
on June 16, 1863 and end on July 30, 1863.
Winona Daily Republican
June 16, 1863
The Latest News by Telegraph
TRANSMITTED TO THE WINONA REPUBLICAN
IMPORTANT FROM VIRGINIA
LEE'S ARMY MOVING NORTHWARD
He has Crossed the Rappahannock!
GEN. HOOKER ALSO ON THE MOVE.
Both armies heavily Reinforc'd.
Another Engagement Imminent!
WASHINGTON, June 13 - The enemy have
made no demonstrations at Culpepper, who
it is certain that they are in heavy force.-
Their designs will probably be disclosed in
a day or two.
NEW YORK, June 15 - The Times says
editorially: Information reached this place
yesterday from Washington that Lee's army
90,000 strong, was on this side of the Rap-
pahannock, marching northward, and that
Hooker's army was hastening forth to pre-
vent the rebel advances. Lee, before the
close of last week, crossed by the fords
above Fredericksburg, and was apparently
pushing for the Orange and Alexandria rail-
road. By Friday, Hooker's whole army was
on the northward march, following that day
a line between Warrenton and Cattlet's sta-
tion. All our commissary stores have been
embarked from Acquia Creek
Lee has been joined by large detachments
from North Carolina and the Blackwater,
and all his cavalry had been massed on the
north fork of the Rappahannock. Long-
street's corps, lately at Culpepper, had
doubtless been joined to that of Lee.
Hooker's force cannot be inferior to Lee's
and our army has recently been heavily re-
inforced from the Nansemond, the Peninsu-
la and elsewhere.
No official or semi-official indications of
these movements have been received from
Washington, and the Times says: These
accounts we have obtained from other sour-
ces, but there seems to be agreement that
our army and that of the rebels are both on
the move, and so close together that they
Can hardly avoid a collision soon.
THE LATEST FROM VIRGINIAThe Rebels Again Invade Pennsylvania
GREAT EXCITEMENT ALONG THE BORDER
A Call for 100,000 Volunteers.
HARRISBURG, June 14 - Dispatches re-
ceived today from the operators at Cham-
bersburg and Hagerstown give information
that the rebel cavalry arrived at Perrysville
and Martinsburg. Reynolds has been driven
by a large force of rebels, from Perrysville
to Bunker Hill. The enemy is also at Win-
chester. All of Lee's army is moving.
The news from Muddy branch and No-
lan's ferry indicates that warm work has
been going on there. The capital and prin-
cipal cities and towns of Pennsylvania are
in absolute danger. Col. Scott has gone to
Washington to urge on the Government such
modifications of the plans as will suit the
views of the people. The indications are
that capitalists will advance the money to
pay the military, trusting to the government
HARRISBURG, June 15- The Governor of
Pennsylvania has issued a proclamation
saying that the State is being threatened with
invasion, and the President has issued his
proclamation for fifty thousand men from
Pennsylvania-I now therefore appeal to all
citizens of Pennsylvania willing to defend
their homes, and to rush in their might in
this hour of peril. The issue is one of pres-
ervation or destruction. The purpose of the
enemy to invade our border with all the
strength he can command is apparent. I
therefore call upon all capable of bearing
arms to enroll themselves, and to give aid to
the efforts to be put forth for the salvation of
our common country.
WASHINGTON, June 15 - The President
has issued a proclamation stating that the
rebels are in Western Virginia, Ohio, and
Pennsylvania, and he therefore calls into the
service 100,000 men from the following
States: 50,000 from Pennsylvania; 30,000
from Ohio; 10,000 from Maryland; and 10
from Western Virginia - to be mustered into
the service forthwith, and serve for twelve
months from the date of mustering in, un-less
June 26, 1863
From a private letter written by a soldier
in the First Minnesota regiment, dated at
Centerville, Va., on the 20th inst., we ex
tract the following:
"Since last we wrote we have been doing some "tall"
marching. There have been no less than 70 men who
fell dead out of this corps from Fredericksburg depot to
Fairfax Station, caused by the hard marching and exces
ive heat, There have been a great many disabled, also--
about 1200 disabled and dead. Gen Hancock has been
in command of the Second corps since we left the depot,
Gen. Couch having been ordered up home in Pennsylva-
nia two or three days previous to our marching. We
have heard here that the rebels are up in Chambersburg,
and most all the boys rejoice at the news, saying that it
will hunt out some of those shirks in Pennsylvania.
Winona Daily Republican, July 3, 1863
News by TelegraphThe Latest
TRANSMITTED TO THE WINONA REPUBLICAN
THE WAR IN THE EAST.
Position of the two Armies
They are both Massed at Gettysburg
Particulars of Wednesday's Battle
A severe and Bloody Contest
GREAT GALLANTRY OF OUR
The 11th Corps Redeem Themselves
They Repulse Lee's Veterans.
A DECIDED ADVANTAGE GAINED
Prisoners, Cannon, and Small
Gen. Meade on the Scene of Action
The Contest Renewed on Thursday
Continued up to Last Evening
Great Victory Won!
Baltimore, July 2. - The American has
the following in regard to the battle of Get-
tysburg: We regret to learn from officers
who brought they body of Gen. Reynolds,
who Brigadier General Paul was killed in
the same fight on the south of Gettysburg.
Col. Stone and Col. Wisternorth were wound-
ed and taken prisoners. Gen. Newton took
command of the 1st corps on the fall of Gen.
We learn from officers on Gen. Reynolds'
staff that our forces passed through Gettys-
burg at ten o'clock yesterday morning, and
when one quarter of a mile west of the town
encountered Longstreet and Hill, who attack-
ed the corps of Gen. Reynolds, which was in
advance. This corps stood the force of the
attack until it was relieved by the third
corps, and a commanding position secured.
The rebels made an attempt to flank the
position we had gained, but were repulsed.
Gens. Reynolds and Paul fell under a volley
from the rebel infantry. Both officers were
mounted and at the head of their troops. In
the course of the conflict we fell back before
superior numbers to a stronger position, and
the fight ceased for the day at 4 o'clock, and
the at the close of the evening the whole army
of the Potomac had reached the fight, and
Maj. Gen. Meade had all the corps strongly
posted for a renewal of the battle this morn-
ing. The loss of the enemy is considered
nearly equal to ours. The army is in fine
condition, and very enthusiastic. Our loss
of officers is very severe. Our army is re-
garded as better concentrated than the rebels
for the events of today.
Baltimore, July 2. - Reports from the
battle near Gettysburg yesterday are very
favorable. The cheering announcement
is made of the capture of a large number of
prisoners, stated at 6,000 - but this may be
an exaggeration. Gen. Schenck has just
Announced at Eaton house that 2,400 rebels
had already arrived.
The American learns from parties who
left Gettysburg at noon to day that every-
thing was progressing favorably for the ulti-
mate success of our army up to that time.
They assert that upwards of 6,000 prisoners
had been captured and sent to the railroad
terminus at Union bridge for transportation
to Baltimore. Gen. Schenck just announced
that he has in his possession 2,400 prisoners,
in Baltimore and at the Relay House. We
learn that nearly 1,000 of these were captured
on Wednesday by the eleventh army corps,
in the gallant charge on Longstreet's corps.
They are said to have at first slightly falter-
ed, but when Gen. Howard cried to them,
"Remember Chancellorsville!" they rushed
into the fight like infuriated demons, and
the whole line of the enemy gave way be-
During the early part of today, up to noon,
when our informant left, there had been no
general battle, though heavy skirmishing
had been going on all the morning, resulting
in heavy loss to the enemy, and the capture
of over 500 more prisoners. In all of these
skirmishes, which were conducted under the
direction of Gen. Meade, our armies were
entirely successful. The enemy studiously
avoided giving general battle.
Our forces were expected to press down
through the Cumberland valley on the ene-
Among the prisoners captured and arriv-
ed here are Gen. Archer and 20 other offi-
Baltimore, July 3. - 1 A.M. - The Ameri-
can also has the following: We learn from
Maj. Bumbgarden and another officer of
Gen. Reynolds, the following interesting par-
ticulars of the battle near Gettysburg, and
are happy to say it closed for the day with
the army of Gen. Meade in the most advan-
tageous position for either attack or defense.
At nine o'clock on Wednesday morning the
1st and 11th army corps reached Gettysburg
returned from the east side of the town and
marched directly through to the west. A
cavalry force of the enemy was in town, gal-
loping back as we advanced. On passing
out of the west end of town we observed the
rebels advancing rapidly from the Chambers-
burg Turnpike inline of battle towards the
town, evidently endeavoring to hold an ad-
vantageous position commanding the town.
The first corps, under Gen. Reynolds, which
was in advance, pushed forward at double
quick to secure an advantageous position.
The enemy, under Longstreet and Hill, ad-
vanced steadily, and in a few minutes a
heavy fire of artillery and musketry, opened
along the whole federal and rebel line. The
Eleventh army corps, under Howard, also
soon got into position, and for a time quite
a heavy battle raged.
Several charges were made by the enemy
to dislodge our forces, all of which were un-
successful. At 3 o'clock the enemy massed
his entire force and endeavored to turn our
right wing. Reynolds advanced to meet
them, and a heavy infantry fight ensued, in
which both suffered severly. After a vol-
ley of musketry being poured into the oppos-
ing column with deadly effect, the field be-
tween the contending armies was strewn
with dead and wounded. It is said the en-
emy suffered fully as heavily as we, though
it is not known what their loss is. The effort
to flank our right wing entirely failed, and
we held a prominent and commanding po-
sition, for which a struggle was made at the
close of the fight, which ceased for the day
about 4 p.m.
A great decisive battle is considered im-
minent, and notwithstanding our severe loss
in officers the advantages of the day were re-
garded as decidedly with our forces. The
army was in fine condition, full of enthusiasm
for continuing the battle and confident of
Harrisburg, July 2. - The battle at Get-
tysburg today was fierce and bloody. From
all I can gather, the rebellion has received
its mortal wound. Cannon, small guns, and
the field are among the trophies.
New York, July 3. - The Herald's Har-
risburg dispatch says: A column of 25,000
rebels passed through Billsbury yesterday
in the direction of Gettysburg.
Another account from a gentleman con-
nected with the press, who arrived here last
evening from Gettysburg, having left before
daylight in the morning, represent the con-
dition of affairs at the close of the fight on
Wednesday evening to have been still more
favorable and promising of a successful is-
sue than the previous information received.
He states that the rebels had held Gettys-
burg for some time previous to the approach
of our army, and that they not only occupied
but had commenced fortifying the hills west
of the town, where they prepared to meet
our advance toward Chambersburg and the
mouth of Cumberland valley. The move-
ment of Gen. Reynolds, and the rapidity
with which he advanced after entering the
east end of the town, took them somewhat
by surprise, and he soon obtained a promi-
nent position which the rebels were fortify-
ing. The fighting through the balance of
the day was a futile attempt on their part to
regain this important position, from which
they were frequently repulsed.
In the afternoon, both Longstreet and
Hill combined their forces for a grand effort
to turn our right flank, when Gen. Howard's
11th army corps most nobly repulsed these
two veteran corps of the rebel army. The
repulse was so complete that no farther at-
tempt was made by the enemy during the
balance of the day, and night closed in with
our holding the position chosen by the
enemy to give us battle from. The 3rd and
12th corps also came on the field after the
last repulse of the enemy, but owing to the
fall of Gen. Reynolds and the lateness of
the hour, as well as the exhaustion of the
men, and the desire to care for the wounded,
it was determined not to push the enemy for
a renewal of the conflict. When our informa-
tion left the field yesterday - Thursday -
morning, Gen. Meade had arrived, and the
main body of our army was in position, and
ready to attack.
Battlefield near Gettysburg, Thursday,
4:30 p.m. - Today has been quiet up
to the present. The enemy are massing a
heavy force on our left, and have just begun
an attack with artillery. There is a proba-
bility of a severe battle before dark. The
rebel sharpshooters are very troublesome -
shooting at our men from the steeples of
New York, July 3. - Tribune's dispatch,
dated Columbia, July 2nd, says the battle was
renewed this morning , and continued till 4
p.m., our forces gaining on the enemy.
Since 5 the firing has been heavier, looking
to a general engagement. Lee's forces are
said to be concentrated four miles north east
of Gettysburg. Sedgwick's corps is report-
ed pressing upon the enemy's rear. The 2nd
army corps is moving up from hanover.
This morning Tribune's Washingtons dis-
patch says a dispatch from Meade was re-
ceived indicating a pitched battle on Thurs-
An accident occurred at Harper's Ferry
yesterday. As the garrison were evacuating
the fortifications on Maryland Hights, a bar-
rel of gunpowder exploded, killing ten and
wounding forty soldiers of the 6th and 8th
Maryland regiments. The country between
Frederick and Poolsville is undisturbed.
Washington, July 3. - 1:10 a.m. - Im-
portant advices were received at midnight
of yesterday's battle. There seems to be
little doubt that a brilliant victory has been
won. The enemy has not only been repuls-
ed, but several thousand rebels were cap-
tured. Our loss has been large, but has re-
sulted so far as known, in a decided success.
Philadelphia, July 3. - The Press has a
dispatch from Wrightsville, Pa., at midnight.
Our forces were known to have gained on
the enemy until four o'clock, since which
the firing has been rapid, indicating a gen-
eral engagement. A rebel force is concen-
trated on South Mountain, towards Carlisle,
six miles north of Gettysburg. Sedgwick's
corps passed York in the direction of Dover
this afternoon. It is in the enemy's rear.
Winona Daily Republican, July 6, 1863
THE WAR IN PENNSYLVANIA
ADDITIONAL DETAILS OF AFFAIRS
UP TO FRIDAY
Battle field in sight of Gettysburg,
Pa, July 2 - Yesterday's battle here instead
of being only a very hotly contested heavy
skirmish, as was understood at the time at
Torytown, and as stated in my dispatches
from there, prove to have been really almost
as hotly a contested fight in proportion to the
number engaged, as the war has yet furnished.
A glance at the partial lists of casualties to
officers is sufficient to establish is severity.
Practically the fight was between the 1st ar-
my corps on our side, and the Ewell's corps of
rebels, with two divisions of Hill's.
Our troops advanced in the morning to
Gettysburg, passed through the town and had
advanced nearly a mile on the other side
when it men the enemy in position. Mere-
dith's brigade of Wadsworth's division wheel-
ed instantly into the line of battle on the double
quick, charged the enemy and routed them
handsomely, took one rebel regiment prison-
ers and occupied the rebel position. The
rebel prisoners taken were from Archer's
brigade and included Gen. Archer himself.
Doubleday's and Robinson's divisions then
came up and completed our line. Heavy
skirmishing ensued till about three and a
half p.m., when the rebels came up in heavy
force, the bulk of their two corps attacking
our single one. Here ensued the fight, whose
bitter severity the long lists of killed and
wounded will so well attest.
The 1st corps managed to hold its ground,
however, till the 11th corps got up and into
position, but even thin it soon became man-
ifest that they were largely outnumbered. On
our right the rebels pressed over till by sheer
superiority they completely turned our flanks
and by an entilading fire forced the 11th
corps to break. They had partially redeem-
ed themselves from their mishap at Chancel-
lorsville, but were now forced to retire
through the town, which they did in some
The rebels on our left now poured forward,
completely outnumbering us, and finally
forcing the 1st corps also, after both its flanks
were exposed, to retire through the town,
which they did in good order, taking up an
exceedingly strong position on the heights.
The enemy is south of the town of Gettys-
burg, in the country, and crests of hills on
either side. There was no discouragement
over the results. It is the inevitable conse-
quence of the fact of the rebel advance be-
ing nearly double the number of our own ad-
vance, and of course argues nothing as to
the general result. We are now concentrat-
ed and ready for action.
It is believed that the main battle may be-
gin this afternoon, but is more likely to be
delayed till tomorrow. Lee's forces are not
thought so well concentrated yet as ours.
Heavy rebel forces are feeling both our
flanks this morning, and sharp skirmishing
is going on with occasional artillery prac-
The feeling is a pretty good one for fight-
ing. The weather is pleasant for the season.
There are abundance of farm houses which
are being converted into hospitals, and our
wounded are well cared for.
Washington, July 3 - An official dispatch
received this afternoon from Major General
Meade, dated Headquarters Army of the Po-
tomac - 11 p.m., July 2nd, says:
The enemy attacked me about 4 o'clock
p.m. today, after one of the severest con-
tests of the war was repulsed at all points.
We have suffered considerably in killed and
wounded, among the former are Brigadier
Generals Paul and Loox, and among the
wounded, Generals Siclkes, Barlow, Graham,
and Warren, slightly.
We have taken a large number of prison-
Washington, July 3 - A later dispatch
has been received from Gen. Meade, dated 8
o'clock this Friday evening and says
the battle commenced again at early day-
light upon various parts of the line.
The emeny thus far has made no impres-
sion upon my position. All accounts agree
in placing the whole army here.
Prisoners report that Longstreet's and A.
P. Hill's faroces were much injured yester-
day, and had many general officers killed.
Gen. Barkdale of Mississippi is dead. His
body is within our lines.
We have, thus far, about 1,000 prisoners,
and a small number are yet to be sent in.
Philadelphia, July 3 - The Press has a
special dated Hanover, 1 p.m. It says at
10 o'clock this forenoon our forces opened
fire on 5,000 rebels who made their appear-
ance on the battle field for the purpose of pil-
laging the dead. The rebels retreated has-
The fight thus far has been one of the se-
verest of the war.
Gen. Sickles was wounded, and has had
his right leg amputated. He is doing well.
A second dispatch has been received sta-
ting that at 1 o'clock this afternoon a des-
perate battle was raging, with heavy losses
on both sides.
Firing is still heard at Columbia, York and
Baiobridge, in the direction of Gettysburg,
and it is believed that a battle is still raging
between Gen. Meade and the forces of Lee.
Pleasanton's cavalry is dong splendid ser-
cive. The cavalry, neglected by McClellan,
were a speciality of Burnside and Hooker,
and their efforts to make it tell upon the en-
emy are now apparent in the work accom-
plished within this week.
If Lee has not been driven back, his flank
has ere this been drive back by Sedgwick,
who was yesterday afternoon moving in the
direction of Middletown and Herdsburg.
Telegraphic communication between Harris-
burg and Baltimore has been re-established.
The militia have advanced from Harrisburg
to Smokytown, six miles beyond Carlisle,
while the army of the Potomac, as telegraph-
ed yesterday, were in communication with
the Department of the Susquehanna. The
railroad will be in operation between Balti-
more and York within a week.
Although Harrisburg is in suspense, yet
no danger is to be apprehended, as if it had
been Lee's intention to take it he could have
done so by a flank movement through the
gaps and fords above Harrisburg last week,
thus rendering the fortification useless on
the opposite side of the Susquehanna.
Nothing yet is known here as to the result
of the heavy firing last night and today. It
is believed we have suffered heavy lost both
in officers and men, but Lee has been so
crippled as to place himself on the defensive.
One of Meade's couriers to Gen. Couch
was killed by a Dutch farmer yesterday, a
short distance beyond York.
Two citizens of York have been arrested
within our lines as spies. The Copperheads
and peace men along the southern counties
of the State are dong all they canto aie the
rebels, and mislead our officers and men.
They aid the rebels more than the Maryland-
I learn that Ewell was Chief Engineer of
the Northern Central Railroad, when it was
building, whilst Simon Cameron, Ex-Secre-
tary of War, was President of the Road. If
that road is a specimen of his abilities, we
need not fear Stonewall's successor, for it is
acknowledged to be the worst engineered
road in the United States, for cuts and em-
Winona Daily Republican, July 6, 1863
From the First Minnesota Regiment.
Battlefield , near Gettysburg,
July 4, 1863
To the Editor of the Winona Republican:
We are in the midst of a terrible battle,
and what remains of our regiment is now
for the third day in the front line. Co. "K"
went into the battle with twenty-nine men, of whom
twenty-two beside the Captain are either killed or wound-
ed. The casualties of the company thus far are:
Mortally woundedCapt. Jos. Periam
Lester P. Gore, Randolph Wright, Augustus Smith,
David Taylor, Henry C. Winters, Jacob Geisreiter.
Sergt., M. Marvin, in the foot, Serg't. A. P. Carpenter ,
slightly. Corp. Charles North slightly; Corp. John Ein-
feldt, slightly; Corporal Timothy Reily, severe; private
Charles Behr ,severe, private Chester S. Durfee, severe; private
Israel Dunn, severe; private Chas Ely, severe; J.S.
Eaton; private Chas Goddard; private Wm Kinyon; pri-
James Towner, slight; private Samuel B. Tenny;
private Peter Vosz, severe; private Hanson.
Col Colville is severely wounded; Lieut-Col.
Adams, mortally; Maj Downie and Adju-
ant Peller, severely; Capts. Messick and
Muller are killed, and Capt. Farrell mortally
wounded; Lieut Farrar is killed, and Lieuts.
Sinclair, May, Boyd, Demarest, DeGray
and Mason are, wounded.
Two thirds of the regiment are killed or
wounded. We got the better of the enemy
in the fight of yesterday, and drove them
some distance. Our regiment captured
a stand of rebel colors. Nothing but skir-
mishing has taken place yet (at 9 0'clock)
this morning. I have no time to write more.
Wm. Lochren, lieut. Command'g
Co." K", 1st Regiment. Minnesota Volunteers
Winona Daily Republican July 6, 1863
Notwithstanding the efforts made by some
to defeat the proposed excursion to LaCrosse
on the 4th, a party numbering about thirty
couples of our first citizens, accompanied by
the Winona brass and string bands, took pas-
sage on board the Frank Steele, at 7 o'clock
in the morning, resolved to have a good time.
The boat left, town at 7½ o'clock, with ban
ners flying, the band playing and a joyous
company on board. The trip down was occu-
pied in viewing the beautiful scenery long
the river, in social chit-chat and a little
dancing by the younger members of the par-
ty. Upon arriving at LaCrosse the part
was met at the depot by Mr. M. M. Pomeroy,
Marshal of the Day, who kindly invited the
excursionists to take part with the citizens
of LaCrosse in their celebration. As it was
the intention of the party to remain but a
short time, and on account of the excessively
warm weather, the cordial invitation was de-
clined, many preferring to remain on the
boat, and others to "circulate around town
on their own hook" during their brief stay.
At LaCrosse we found an old-fashioned cel-
ebration under full blast, and a large crowd
of people in attendance, consisting of citi-
zens, visitors from the country, and excur-
sion parties from points down river, all ap-
pearing to enjoy themselves notwithstanding
the excessive heat.
At 1½ o'clock we started on the return trip
and found that Captain Newton had amply
provided for the physical wants of his pas-
sangers, by having placed on his tables a
dinner which would make an epicure "laugh
and grow fat" by even looking at it. With-
out particularizing we would say that the
bill of fare was equal to that of any of the
best eastern hotels, and as there was an abund-
ance of the best the country could afford,
the party was agreeably disappointed and
fully satisfied, which is sufficient evidence
that the dinner on the Frank Steele was "A
No. 1." After dinner the string band was
Again called into service, and happy and joy-
ous were those who joined in the gay dance.
Among other amusements we observed that
Mr. Bryant, the clerk exhibited to the un-
initiated his celebrated 'secesh curiosity,"
taken from a rebel officer in Texas, and in-
structed them in its history and mysteries--
much to the delight of those who were "in-
side of the ring." People of an inquisitive
turn of mind are very apt to see "stars"
when examining this curiosity.
At seven o'clock, the party landed at Wi-
nona, all well pleased with the trip, and the
kind attentions received from Captain New-
ton and Mr. Bryant. Those gentlemen will
please accept the hearty thanks of each
member of the party; and may it be our
good fortune to enjoy many more as pleas-
ant excursion trips as this one proved to be.
The Winona Band added much to the
pleasures of the trip with their excellent and
enlivening music, and spared no effort to
have all pleased with the part they took in
Winona Daily Republican, July 6, 1863
THE "FOURTH" IN WINONA AND VICINITY
No general celebration of the Fourth of
July was determined upon in this city, but
there were, nevertheless, several excursion
and picnic parties arranged by our citizens,
each one of which was carried out to the
general satisfaction of those engaged. The
day was clear, but very warm, and persons
who left the hot and dusty streets of the
town to ramble in the groves of the Rolling-
stone, or to ride o the pleasant waters of the
Mississippi, enjoyed the occasion with de-
cidedly more comfort than those who remain-
ed behind. The events of the day, consist-
ing chiefly of two excursions by railroad and
one on the river are briefly sketched below:
CELEBRATION OF THE FOURTH AT WINONA
From Our Special Correspondent.
This celebration, gotten up under the di-
rection of the friends of Sunday School
connected with the M. E. Church I this
county, was a most successful and satisfac-
tory affair. Through the kindness of Col.
De Graff and his excellent and careful em-
ployees, some three hundred Sunday school
scholars of this city, and about one hundred
and fifty of their teachers and friends, en-
joyed a most delightful ride on the Winona
& St. Peter Railroad to Stockton, where they
were met by large delegations of Sabbath
school scholars and friends from the towns
of Fremont, Warren, Wilson, Utica, Minn-
esota City, and Stockton. A procession was
then formed, under the management of Mr.
Little of Stockton - the largest and most im-
posing procession, perhaps, ever seen in our
county. It was about one mile in length,
and was preceded by our excellent band,
under the direction of Mr. Ilanks of St.
Charles, and as it wound through the village
and down through the grove on the banks of
the Rollingstone, displaying its appropriate
and beautiful emblems, banners and nation-
al flags, presented an appearance worthy of
the day and the occasion. The procession
reached the grove designed for the exercises
about half past ten. Wm. H. Yale, Esq., of
Winona was chose President of the day,
and after several short and well-timed speech-
es, interspersed with appropriate singing,
the children were seated in groups through
the grove, and enjoyed themselves immense-
ly in "picking the nics" provided for them.
After dinner the managers of the railroad
kindly placed their train at the disposal of
the children and their friends from the coun-
try for about one hour. Returning to the
ground at two in the afternoon, the exercis-
es of the day proper began with prayer by
the Rev. Mr. Peregrine of Winona. The
Declaration of Independence was then read
by Mr. Thomas of Stockton, in a very impres-
sive manner. This was followed by an ear-
nest and eloquent address from W. H.
Yale, Esq., of Winona. He will not attempt
to review or give the points of Mr. Yale's
address, further than to say that avoiding
the usual clap-trap of speakers on this day,
his speech was eminently befitting the occa-
sion, and was heartily and warmly respond-
ed to by the large number who listened at-
tentively to it; and while a shade of sadness
came over our hearts at the remembrance
of our absent friends on the battle field, so
touchingly alluded to by the speaker, all the
lovers of our Union while listening to the
address felt that "it was good to be there."
After singing a patriotic son, and some
short speeches from Rev. Mr. Porteous,
Judge Lewis and others, the celebration
closed with three cheers for the Union, The
Star Spangled Banner, The Winona & St.
Peter Railroad Company, and the Speaker.
Much credit is due to the energetic citizens
of Stockton for the arrangements made, and
also to the band for their excellent music;
and we take occasion here to say, confiden-
tially, to our very superiour and deservedly
much praised band in this city to look well
to their laurels, or Prof. Hanks and his
"Prairie Band" will be after them. All
honor, too, to the W. & S. P. R. R. Compa-
ny on this occasion. We can assure Col.
De Graff that however others may oppose
his railroad operations in our State, all the
boys and girls in this city and county are
on his side.
Winona Daily Republican July 9, 1863
The First Minnesota Regiment--Great
Mortality in its Ranks
Amidst the general rejoicing it becomes
us not to forget the fate of the fallen heroes
who have sacrificed their lives upon the altar
of their country. While shouts of triumph
rend the air, and gladness sweeps over the
land as the billows roll over the face of the
deep, let us not be so far borne along in the
excitement as to forget to honor the memory
of the heroic dead, or to waft to the living,
who may be wounded and weary, the bless-
ings of a grateful people. Among the fear-
ful carnage which marked the victorious field
of Gettysburg, the blood of Minnesota's war
worn sons - a few but faithful - mingled in ter-
ible profusion. A dispatch which we pub-
lish below states that less then one hundred
men and officers now remain of all that
proud one thousand who left the banks of the
Mississippi two years ago. The regiment, it
is understood, went into battle on the 1st of
July with about 230 men. As a part of the
Second Army Corps, it sustained, on Friday
the 3rd, that combined fire of artillery and
infantry, so murderously poured into our
ranks by the forces under Gen. Ewell. "It
appeared at times," says a correspondent
who describes the scene witnessed by him-
self, "as though not a foot of air was free
from the hail of missiles that tore over and
through our ranks, thinned, but not shaken.
Our men stood the shock with a courage
sublime - an endurance so wonderful as to
dim even the heroic record of the band that
fell upon the acre of Tourney."
Brave hearts - living or dead! what an in-
describable thrill of joy, mingled with sad-
ness, will take possession of the hearts of
your kindred and friends, as they read the
brief but proud history of that day's achieve-
ments. And so has it been with the brave
First Minnesota from the first battle of Bull
Run, running down through all the terrible
vicissitudes of a two years' bloody campaign
in Virginia, to the glorious 3rd of July, 1863!
The name of Capt. Joseph Periam, of
Winona, appears among the list of dead.
This announcement has thrown a peculiar
shade of sadness over this community, where
Capt. Periam was well known. He had pass-
ed, unscathed, through all the battles in
which the Army of the Potomac has been
engaged up to this time, and it was fondly
expected that he might survive the war
which he was one of the very first to enter.
But he has gone, and in his death the regi-
ment has lost a brave soldier and a good
officer. Green grow the grass upon his
The complete list of casualties in the reg-
iment will be awaited with the greatest anxi-
Allusion is made in another column to
the all but universal rejoicing in which our
citizens so freely and spontaneously indulged
on Wednesday evening, upon receiving con-
firmation of the surrender of Vicksburg, to-
gether with the good news from other quar-
ters. There was no attempt made to organ-
ize a celebration of these happy events, nor
was any public announcement made of a
meeting to take place; but at about 7 o'clock
in the evening it was resolved by a few per-
sons to get up a bonfire, which was promptly
carried into effect, on the Levee, at the foot
of Main Street. An immense pyramid of
barrels, boxes, and a variety of other inflam-
mable material, was piled up, and at 9 o'clock
it was fired, producing a very brilliant ilu-
mination. This bonfire, together with the
thunders of Capts. Finn and Chappell's ar-
tillery, and the music of Raymond's band,
drew a great crowd to the spot. It is esti-
mated that upwards of two thousand persons
assembled in the vicinity. Everywhere,
among this great multitude, the enthusiasm
was intense. Cheer upon cheer was given
for Gen. Grant - for his troops - for the
Army of the Potomac - for Minnesota
First regiment - for the Union. Mr. Yale,
being called upon, addressed the crowd in a
short and stirring speech, with reference to
the great events which had called so many
persons together and caused so much rejoic-
ing. And again there were cheers, and
music, and firing of cannon. The streets
were filled with people until a very late hour,
and the frequent shouts and "hurrahs"
which broke the stillness of the night all in-
dicated the pleasure created by the fall of
CASUALTIES IN THE FIRST MINNE-
Special Dispatch to the Republican
ST. PAUL, July 8 - I have received per-
mission from the Governor to publish the
following. B.A. SQUIRES, Manager Tel.
WASHINGTON, July 8 - To Honorable A.
Ramsey - Lieut. E. H. Spreat writes from
Gettysburg, July 3rd, 9 o'clock, p.m., that our
regiment has less than one hundred men and
officers left. Col. Colville was wounded;
Lieut. Col. Adams wounded, mortally; Ma-
jor Downy, wounded in arm and foot; Capt.
Messick is reported dead; Capts. Muller, Bur-
gess, and Periam are dead; Capt. Farrell is
reported mortally wounded; Lieutenants Far-
rer and Lochren are dead, and Lieut. Polar
wounded; and many others I cannot remem-
ber. The men suffered equally.
One brigade of two thousand five hundred
strong has just drawn rations for four hun-
dred, and that is all that is left of as fine a
body of men as the world ever saw. I hope
this is overdrawn. M. S. Wilkinson.
Winona Daily Republican, July 10, 1863
PEN PICTURES - GLIMPSES
HERE AND THERE
The spectacle from the Cemetery on Thurs-
day was magnificent beyond conception.
Here upon this little bluff, in and around the
city of the dead, forty six cannon stood,
their muzzles pointing threateningly towards
the hills beyond the town, and far to the left,
and down along the ridge, and I the waving
grass, stretched the firm lines of infantry,
their arms gleaming like a river in the sum-
mer sun. How quiet, and yet how sad, ev-
erything was. Here, among the monuments
and flowers above the dead, lay our wounded
and dying, and behind the iron railings of
the burial places all the engines of war wait-
ed for the conflict. In one of the enclosures
a marble slab marked the resting place of an
orderly sergeant killed at Fair Oaks. Alas!
How little did his mother think, when she
laid him there to rest by his peaceful home,
that his comrades would ever do battle above
him, and crimson with their blood the myr-
tle on his grave. Now and then a soldier
would wilt down among the headstones,
pierced by the rilfeman's bullet, and occa-
sionally a shell flew screaming overhead, to
frighten the groups collected in the rear; but
besides this all was quiet. Gettysburg, like
a doomed city, lay beneath us, silent as
the grave. Not a voice came up from its
deserted streets; but the swallows and the
pigeons swept along the housetops, and the
song of the lark on the meadows rang clear
and mellow, as though no anger threatened.
As the afternoon wore on the skirmishers
became hotly engaged; but three o'clock
came and passed, and yet there was no sign
of rebel infantry. Out on the hill beyond
the town the enemy's batteries were visible,
and in the shadow of the trees little groups
of horsemen were collected; but these were
all that we could see. Occasionally we
caught glimplses of awagon train moving off,
far beyond the forests, and now and then a
horseman would dash along the skirt of the
woods west of Gettysburg; but no one could
tell whether the night would settle down with
quietness or upon the carnage of a battle
Presently the shells began to fly about our
heads. Our group had attracted the enemy's
fire, and he aimed his pieces well. Shells
burst around us, round shot shattered the
rocks, and sometimes the bullet of the rifle-
man whistled uncomfortably near; but Gen.
Warren remained at his post, cool and undis-
turbed, watching with his glass the distant
woods, anxiously scanning the forests at
our left. All at once a battery came out in-
to the field still further to the left, moving at
a walk, and deliberately advancing to a knoll
within a short range of our guns beneath us.
Our artillery officers saw it, too, and their
guns flashed faster than before. The shell
burst in among the pieces of the enemy,
ploughed up the soil around him, dashing a
cloud of dirt and slate into the air; but still
his guns came nearer, wheeled round into
line, unlimbered, and the six pieces opened
at once. Their firing was exceedingly rapid
and very effective. One gun seemed to hurl
a sort of bolt, which came with a dismal
whirr, and was directed exclusively towards
our signal flag upon the rock; but we could
hear it coming, and, by crouching behind a
huge boulder, avoid its effects. At one time
the fire grew so hot that our artillerists were
compelled for a moment to lie down; and
just then a rebel brigade broke out of the
weeds, behind their battery and dashed down
towards us on a run, yelling like demons.
Gen. Warren dispatched an aid to Gen.
Meade for troops, and we anxiously awaited
the coming of the enemy. Swiftly they
swept down over the field, but as they came
in front of their own pieces our artillerists
depressed their guns and poured into the reb-
els a tempest of case shot that checked them,
then broke their line, and compelled them to
fall flat behind a little ridge.
Hardly had we recovered from our trpi-
dation when the entire field behind the rebel
batteries seemed alive with troops. Three
long lines of rebels, one behind the other,
came out, at right angle with our own line
and silently but swiftly moved down upon
us. Our conditions was frightfully critical.
Gen. Meade could not be found. General
Siclkes was fighting desperately in front with
Hill, and could not spare a man. Long-
street was sweeping down upon us with
his whle corps, and not a brigade was up
to check him. The fire in front grew hotter.
The Second corps went in, and all along the
ridge from Round Top to our right, the lines
swayed to and fro beneath the canopy of
smoke, which gleamed in the setting sun
like a fierce furnace; and still the enemy
pressed nearer on our left, coming down up-
on us with fearful rapidity. Will assistance
never come? Down under us on the little
knoll our rifled pieces are still playing; but
if they do not have help soon they are lost.
General Warren's aids are all gone for rein-
forcements; the bullets begin to whistle about
us, and the enemy reaches the base of the
mountain, just as we discover the colors of
the Fifth corps coming up through the woods
behind us. How our hearts leaped as we
saw the stripes and heard the rush of our
men over the leaves and rocks; and as we
crouched in the cleft we wondered which
would reach us first, the rebels or our men.
There is a rumble down below there, and a
battery comes up at a gallop, bounding over
the boulders, away up upon the peak, and
almost before one can speak, a shower of
canister rains down upon the rebels on the
other side. The First division of the Fifth
reaches the top, glides down among the
limestone blocks, and the musketry grows
terrible. The enemy is too strong. Slowly
he presses up the hill, and his right swings
round the mountain to our view; but the
Second division arrives, then the Third, and
the battle rages awfully, while the rebels fal-
ter, struggle for a foothold, and then, with
one grand rush of desperation, strike for the
crest, where we lie watching them; but it is
too late, and their shattered regiments drift
slowly back upon the tide of battle down into
the valley. At this time the fighting on the
center is fearful. A roar like that of Niagr-
ara deafens us, and the air seems filled with
fiends, contending with a fierceness of fallen
angels. The sun sinks down beyond the
mountains, and still the battle rages. Dark-
ness gathers over us, the infantry still keep
up their murderous fire, and the cannon
shake the hills and their thunder; but the
din seems to be lessening, and as the enemy
moves away the firing dies out, the artillery
opens spasmodically, and the weary columns
sink upon the ground for rest. We are suc-
cessful. The enemy has assaulted us, and
been repulsed with terrific slaughter. Hill
and Longstreet have for hours hurled their
masses upon our linjes, and are now reckon-
ing the bitter cost of their experiment; but
where is Ewell?
Nearly 1,500 prisoners have been captured;
but not one is of Ewell's corps. Has he
gone off upon another expedition, or is he
moving round upon our rear? No one can
tell. Prisoners are cross-questioned but no
information concerning the old "Jackson
corps" can be obtained. Cavalry are sent
out on the flanks, the artillery is planted so
as to protect the rear, and infantry disposed
of in position that will enable the troops to
support any portion of our line.
The hours slip by, and our rear is quiet,
the right and left are undisturbed, but sud-
denly the enemy resaults the center again;
prisoners are taken, and among is one from
Ewell's command. We begin to breathe
easier. By and by anohter comes in, then
half a score, and we know that the whole
rebel army is before us. No more anxiety
for our rear. The firing in front ceases, the
infantry sleep by their muskets, and the can-
noniers slumber beneath their juns, disturb-
ed now and then by a random shot from the
enemy's batteries or the scatering fire of the
At 8 p.m. on Thursday, the tremendous
battle on our left was over. Many had al-
ready lain down - "the weary to sleep and
the wounded to die." Details were out in
search of those on the field still alive. Sur-
geons were as busy as possible in attend-
ance on their duties, and artillerymen were
doing what they could to get their disabled
guns out of the way, lest the enemy should
come again. Around Gen. Meade's head-
quarters scores of officers had begun to as-
semble, and the corps commanders summon-
ed for a council, arrived one by one. There
was the gallant Sykes, the reserved Sedg-
wick, whose simple appearance inspires con-
fidence, Slocum, small, sloven, clear-sighted
and able. There was Hancock, large and
handsome, with shaven face, and wide shirt
collar turned down - an absolute American.
There was Howard, with his serious face and
quiet manners - brave as any Howard of the
olden time; and there was Newton, ready
and eager as ever, and whose joy that he
had been put in command of a corps was
probably qualified considerably by the fact
that the corps had done so much fighting
yesterday that it would not probably be call-
ed upon again very soon.
At this critical juncture, on Friday, when
our right was sorely pressed, and the fate of
the day seemed wavering, a considerable
detachment of fresh troops arrived and were
immediately put into line on the right. Where
these reinforcements came from or what they
were I have not been able to learn. They
were raw recruits, wearing untarnished uni-
forms and bearing arms untarnished by use.
But they wheeled into line like veterans,
and corps engaged in this heroic and deadly
struggle until the tale of personal heroism
displayed, and noble martyrdom suffered.
I only relate the general result; we drove
the enemy back with terrible slaughter. The
woods on the steep slopes of that lofty mount-
ain are crowded with mangled corpses to
tell of the fierceness of the contest, and in
their piles of fallen men, alike national and
rebel troops intermixed fought like heroes.
Our ambulances brought in the wounded
of both armies alike, and though at first in
skirting along the field they picked up only
Union men, as they advanced they found a
large preponderance of rebels deserted by
their comrades in the precipitancy of their
The fields about Gettysburg are strewed
with the dead and dying of both armies, and
every farm house and barn for miles around
is a crowded hospital. From these sauguin-
ary fields and overflowing hospitals, from
the throats of mangled and tortued lloyal
soldiers, there arises one common shout of
triumph, and in the enthusiasm of the mo-
ment all pain and torture is forgotten. On
every hand glad voices join in the song of
"Where is the rebel army?" "Where, oh
where, is the rebel army? where, oh where
is the rebel army? flying away to the mount-
ain land? Bye-and bye we'll complete the vic-
tory; bye-and bye we'll complete the victory;
they ne'er shall reach fair Dixie again."
Winona Daily Republican, July 14, 1863
Some efforts have been made today to raise
a sufficient sum of money to send one of our
citizens down to Gettysburg for the purpose
of looking after the sick, wounded, and kill-
ed of Company K, First Minnesota regiment.
This is not only a humane proposition but
but it is one which is incumbent upon our citi-
zens to carry out immediately. The brave
men--our friends, acquaintances, and neigh-
bors--who have suffered so much and so
long in our behalf are surely entitled to some
active sympathy and regard at our hands up-
on such an occasion as the present. The
sum of $300 at least ought to be raised be-
fore another day passes away, and entrusted
to the hands of some careful and energetic
person, who may be selected to visit the hos-
pitals where our wounded lie, and to see that
the remains of the dead are disposed of in a
suitable manner. Do not stop to argue con-
cerning this matter, but let each man con-
tribute according to the extent of his means
Winona Daily Republican, July 14, 1863
To the First Minnesota Regiment
Hail, Minnesota First!
The thunders of battle burst
Over the glorious.
Firm as the ocean rock,
Met ye the foeman
Breaking the battle0shock
Like Spartan or Roman.
On every battle-plain
By the tamed river,
We count our noble slain,
Slain to deliver
Our land from the tyrant heel
Now and forever.
Then, shall we cringe and kneel?
Never! Nay, never!
Brothers, whose bloody breath
Comes with a rattle,
Brothers who died the death
Of heroes in battle:
We give you praise and tears,
Dauntless and glorious!
We give you sighs and cheers
For dying victorious!
We have fought by your side,
Shoulder to shoulder,
Where the fierce battle-tide
Came bolder and bolder.
We know the part ye bore
Fighting and dying,
Where every helping corps
Was routed and flying!
Sad are our hearts tonight
For our dear Brothers;
Sadder the bursting hearts
Of widows and mothers!
Weep not, ye stricken ones;
Their death is all glorious;
Brothers, and noble sons,
MAJOR GEN. W.S. HANOCK, of the Ar-
my of the Potomac, who is so handsomely
complimented in Gen. Meade's dispatches,
graduated at West Point in 1844, served ac-
ceptably in Mexico and Florida wars as
Quartermaster, was stationed two years in
California, made a Brigadier General of Vol-
unteers in September, 1861, and won much
renown in our campaigns toward Richmond.
His behavior in directing a bayonet charge
in Gen. McClellan's official report as "bril-
liant in the extreme." Gen. Hancock is a
native of Pennsylvania and thirty-nine years
July 14, 1863
A Full List of the Casualties in the First
To the Editor of the Winona Republican
I hasten to enclose you the list of casual-
ties in the First Regiment, which was re-
ceived late last night from the regiment di-
rect. The regiment has suffered terribly,
but has covered itself with glory, fully main-
taining its reputation as a veteran regiment.
I see it stated in a letter from the battlefield
at Gettysburg, that corporal Hayden, (whom
I attended in the Patent Office Hospital last
fall), alone captured and brought into the
lines eleven rebels - the last of whom was be-
hind a tree, and had his gun pointed at Hay-
den, but who made him drop it and fall in
with the other ten.
All hail the glorious old First! Min -
nesota need never blush for them, never!
As an evidence of how they stand among
their companions in the army of the Poto-
mac, I may state, that as I was looking
through one of the hospitals here a few days
since, in search of the sick and wounded,
some members of an Ohio regiment, upon
hearing one enquiring for the First Minne-
sota, volunteered the remark that it was "one
of the very best regiments, and the bulliest
set of boys in the army!"
Ed. A. Stevens, formerly "Raisins" of
the Stillwater Messenger procured the pub-
lication of this list in the Chronicle of this
city, this morning. It, and all similar lists
ought to be preserved, and filed in the ar-
chives of the State Historical Society, that
In future years our citizens may know who
were the heroes of our young State.
Yours truly, W.C. Dodge.
Washington, July 9, 1863.
CASUALTIES IN THE FIRST MINNESOTA
AT THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG
Colonel William Colville, wounded in
shoulder and foot.
Lieutenant Colonel Charles P. Adams,
left lung and leg (since dead.)
Major Mark W. Downie, arm and foot.
Adjutant J. Peller, left arm broken.
Killed - Corporals J. Adler, J. Keyes; Pri
vates B. Sander, J. Shoemaker, J. Wilson,
W. Wagner, W. F. Miller, John Hauser.
Wounded - Sergeants C. Stein, thigh; H.
C. Wright, head; f. Hauser, leg; W. H. H
Dooley, wrist. Corporals S. Lyon, thigh;
Crowley, leg. Privates F. Glave, knee; H.
Nichol, thigh; S. Pitkins, leg; Hans Simon-
Son, leg; Dan Farquar, leg; Charles Miller,
leg; L.A. adams, hand; R. L. Mowry, side;
C. Brant, knee; J. Thiem, hip; C.W. Drake,
arm; F. Geiser, side; John Farquar, thigh;
J. MacWilliams, ankle.
Killed - Sergeant F. Nickerson; Privates
Koenig, A.P. Quist, N.T. Bates
Wounded - Lieut. T. Sinclair, breast;
Lieut. Wm. May, leg. Sergeants D. Lard,
shoulder; J.D. Densmore, mortally; F.
Krouse, arm; George Oliver, breast, slight;
Martz, thigh; Ed. Wells, leg. Privates,
George Arnold, leg and shoulder; W. H.
Aucker, hip; R.G. Blanchard, side; A. Cap-
laizer, thigh; B. Carriquet, thigh; M.W.
Ehrhardt, leg; P. Querson, jaw broken; C.
H. Grove, spine and shoulder; C. Hammer,
face and head; M.J. Henry, back; D. John-
son, knee; F. Martz, hand; E. Hysteadt,
thigh; J. Schaenbeck, thigh and hand; A.
Selbert, head and leg; Ole Thompson, leg,
Weddelstadt, foot; D.H. Wait, leg.
Killed - Sergeant P. Hamlin, Corporal L.
Wounded - Corporal W. Abbot, arm.
Privates J. T. Batchelor, foot; A. L. M.
Becker, knee; R.E. Jacobs, shoulder; Levi
King, jaw broken; C. Hubbs, wrist; H. Ber-
tram, back; W.C. Little, leg; C. L. Hubbs,
arm and leg.
Killed - Capt. M.S. Messick; Corporals
G.P. Sawyer, J.E. Strollmen; Private J.
Wounded - Lieut. J. DeGray, head. Cor -
porals A. Jones, hand; A.L. Dunham, thigh.
Privates A. Armon, shoulder; J. Mosher,
thigh and wrist; G.S. Barton, breast and
wrist; J. Rosher, hand; C. Boudurant, thigh;
W. Brown, leg; J.H. Kenrney, hip; W. S.
J. Farnsworth, thigh; John Getskin, thigh;
Reed, shoulder; A.W. Ernst, shoulder; W.
Cohen, leg; S. Seilly, back; G. McGee,
breast; J. Goodrich, leg; G. Hopkins,
Killed - Sergeants J. Akers, W.H. Wy-
koff; Corporal J.P. Esseney.
Wounded - Sergeant Fred. Diehr, both
sides. Privates J. Kleauser, breast; K.
Draudt, head; R. Hess, face; J. Docker,
arm; T. Galvin, arm; J.W. Bradbury,
Killed - Lieut. W. Farrar; Sergeant C.
Woodward; Privates C.P. Ellis, B. Welch,
Wounded - Lieut. G. Boyd, jr., leg; Ser -
geant A.M. Knight, arm. Corporals W.R.
Richardt, leg; A.J.Roe, leg; E. Miller,
leg; G.A. Milliken, foot amputated; A.
Hayden, hand; W. Willman, leg; H. Law-
son, hand; Wm. Peck, leg. Privates Ed.
Paul, foot amputated; H. Abbot, leg; J.
Dunnevan, wrist; J. Freese, foot; W. How-
ell, hand; E.P. Hale, hip and leg; B. Jack-
son, leg; C. Manson, leg; B. Philbrook,
thigh; H. Widger, hip; D. Weaver, leg.
Killed - Corporals R. Wright, L.P. Gore;
Privates D. Taylor, A. Smith, H.C. Winter,
J. Geisester, H. Vose, J. Diehr
Wounded - Capt. J. Periam, head and
Face severely. Sergeants M. Marvin, foot;
A.P. Carpenter, foot. Corporals J. Einfeldt,
shoulder; T. Riley, thigh and calf. Privates
C.E. Goddard, thigh and shoulder; C.E.
Ely, abdomen; J.S. Eaton, left thigh; L.
Hanson, calf; C. Behr, breast and head; S.
S. Tenny, leg; C.S. Durfee, leg; W. H.
Killed - Private Sylvester Brown.
Wounded - Privates Osias Baker, thigh;
Wilbur M. Coleman, slight.
Muster for duty 325
Leaving fit for duty. 87
The First Minnesota regiment was muster-
ed into the service April 29, 1861. It then
numbered 1,042. Since then it has received
Over 700 recruits, making 1,800 men all told.
It went into the battle at Gettysburg 325
strong, and lost (besides 70 yet missing) in
killed and wounded, 168 men.
The regiment has participated in the fol-
lowing battles (besides several skirmishes of
lesser note): Bull Run, first, Ball's Bluff,
Yorktown, West Point, Fair Oaks, Peach
Orchard, Savage's Station, Allen's Farm,
White Oak Bridge, White Oak Swamp, Nel-
son's Farm, Glendale, Malvern, South Moun-
tain, Sharpsburg, Antietam, Fredericksburg,
Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg.
Colonels - W.A. Gorman, brigadier, gen-
eral; N.J.Y. Dana, major general; Alfred
Sully, brigadier general; G.A. Morgan, In-
valid corps; William Colville, present
Winona Daily Republican, July 16, 1863
FROM OUR WOUNDED SOLDIERS AT Get-
tysburg.-- We have been favored with the
perusal of some private letters from a wi-
nona soldier in the hospital ("if not in camp,
in hospital somewhere in the woods near
Gettysburg," as the writer expresses it),
from which we make some extracts. The
"Dear Mother:--Charley Ely and myself are here, get-
ting along fine. Ely is wounded pretty badly, but I
think he will get along all right. He was struck in the
right breast, the ball passing through him. My wounds
are slight compared with the other men in our company.
Chas North got struck slightly, but is not reported on
the wounded list.
Capt. Joseph Periam, of our company, died this morn-
ing. He had not been sensible for twelve hours previous.
He was shot in the face, on the right side of the nose,
and the ball came out on the left side of the head, back
of the ear, making a hole that you could put an egg into.
I rather think we have given the Rebs the worst of it
this time. But if I ever saw such a leather, wooden
country as Southern Pennsylvania, I hope to be shot
again. There is no patriotism; everybody is stingy
mean. Our men sent out to get some old sheets for ban-
dages, and the natives said "they had none to give
away but would sell some." (They are wealthy people,
The Pennsylvania Volunteers are loud in their curses
against Southern Pennsylvania--worse than any of the
New York and western troops You can't see a citizen
any where, only around gratifying their curiosity. Now in
Maryland the citizens just swarmed after the battle of
Antietam, took care of the wounded--and did everything
Another letter from the writer of the fore-
going, under date of the 9th inst., says that
up to that date there had been no surgeons
in attendance on the wounded, except at the
amputation tables, which were kept running
constantly since the battle. The Sanitary
commission had just arrived, well provided
with articles necessary to the relief and com-
fort of the wounded, a fact which greatly
encouraged the writer and his comrades.
July 16, 1863
We have been requested to state that Mrs.
E. Ely will leave Winona this evening for
Gettysburg, Pa., with a view to rendering
assistance to the sick and wounded Minne-
sota soldiers in the hospital there. She will
take charge of and convey any letters or
light packages, for the soldiers, that may be
committed to her care, and requests them to
be left at the warehouse of V. Simpson at
the earliest possible moment.
Winona Daily Republican, July 17, 1863
A Community of Barbarians
The extract from a private letter of Min -
nesota soldier, which we published yester -
day, with reference to the barbarous indif -
ference of the inhabitants of southeastern
Pennsylvania to the wants of the wounded
and dying defenders of their soil, was no
more splenetic attack of an individual who-
had lost his temper with his health and bod -
ily comfort. This we should have believed
without supporting testimony from any
source; for we have reason to know that the
youth who wrote that letter has borne all the
hardships of the various campaigns in which
the Army of the Potomac has been engaged
in a spirit of manly and philosophic uncom -
plaining which would have done honor to
the bravest of the Old Guard of Napoleon.
But, to the everlasting disgrace of the inhab -
itants of Gettysburg and vicinity, almost
the entire multitude of unfortunates who, by
the cruel chances of war, were destined to
fall on that memorable field, bear corrobara -
ting testimony to the truth of the
writer's bitter charge of inhumanity. --
Mr. Crounse, the admirable war correspond -
ent of the New York Times, in a letter from
the late battle field, says of the inhabitants
of Gettysburg: "On the streets the burden
of their talk is their losses - and specula -
tions as to whether the government can be
compelled to pay for this or that. Almost
entirely they are uncourteous - but this is
plainly from lack of intelligence or refine -
ment. Their charges, too, are exhorbitant;
hotels, $2.50 per day; milk 10 and 15 cents
per quart; bread, $1 and even $1.50 per
loaf; twenty cents for a bandage for a wound-
ed soldier! And these, the correspondent
whose words we have quoted says, are but a
few specimens of the sordid meanness and
unpatriotic spirit manifested by the people,
from whose very doors our noble army had
driven a hated enemy. It is just among
such people as those of Gettysburg that op-
position to the Government in this hour of
national extremity best thrives. Insensible
to every patriotic emotion - to every senti-
ment of humanity- to every generous im-
pulse-caring nothing for country or the
general welfare, but everything for self-
supremely sordid, and lamentably deficient
in the higher order of intelligence - this is
the very soil in which hostility to a free
Republican government can most success-
fully be nurtured. Shame on the communi-
ty which thus betrays its baseness, and alas
for the country when its fortunes are com-
itted to the keeping of men in whose hands
such inhuman and sordid wretches as the
Gettysburghers are but too willing instruments.
July 18, 1863
Letter from Our wounded at Gettys-
Private Letter from Senator Wilkinson.
Washington City, July 12, 1863
Rev. Edward Ely,--Dear Sir: I have
just returned from the bloody battlefield of
Gettysburg, where I went soon after the bat-
tle, to ascertain as well as I could, the con-
dition of our noble regiment after that terri-
ble conflict. Occupying a position in the
left wing of our army, to which point the
main attacks of the enemy were directed,
this regiment received their heaviest shocks
and suffered severely--indeed it can
hardly now be called a regiment. Nearly
all that is left of it is an imperishable name.
I found your son among the wounded at
the hospital where the wounded of our regi-
ment are temporarily provided for. As soon
as possible they will be removed to a
more convenient location. Your son has
received a very bad wound through the body.
When I saw him it was too soon after the
battle to determine what will be the issue in
his case. He seemed cheerful and manifested
a remarkable degree of fortitude and cour-
age for one so young and slender as he. He
hopes and expects to recover, and the cheer-
fulness which he manifested will operate
strongly in favor of such a result. He is
surrounded by his friends and companions,
who will see that he suffers for nothing, for
they are a band of brothers. Benevolent,
christain women, from the loyal States, are
at this hospital, bestowing all the attention
and care possible to alleviate the sufferings
and wants of the wounded.
Very truly yours,
M. S. Wilkinson.
A letter from Gettysburg under the date of
14th inst. states that the wounded in the
hospitals there were to be immediately trans-
ferred to Philadelphia, where better care can
be taken of them. They are undoubtedly
glad enough to leave that most inhospita-
July 21, 1863
FROM OUR WOUNDED SOLDIERS.--From a
private letter written by M. Marvin, in the
General Hospital, Philadelphia, under date
of the 17th inst., we quote as follows:
"I spoke to our Surgeon this morning about sending
the Minnesotians to their own State in a week or two
He thought we would be sent home even sooner. The
Winonians that are here with me are Ely, Goddard
Eaton and Kinyon. I think that Durfee and Reily
have gone to New York. All of our wounds are do-
ing first rate. I calculate that there must be something
less than a peck of small bones that will require to come
out of my foot. The other boys are getting along finely.
"Letters should be addressed to Ward B, General
Hospital, Broad and Cherry streets, Philadelphia."
July 25, 1863
The suggestion is made by some of our
citizens that subscriptions be taken up for the
purpose of erecting a monument in Wood-
lawn Cemetery to the memory of the sol-
diers from Winona County in the First Min-
nesota regiment, who have fallen in battle..
It is believed that the sum of $1,000, or more
if necessary, can be readily raised through-
out the county for this purpose. The sug-
gestion is, in our estimation, a good one, and
we would recommend that steps be taken at
an early day to carry it into effect.
At a regular meeting of the Union League
in Winona, held on Friday evening the 24th
inst., the following preamble and resolution
were adopted, with the request that they be
"Whereas, The efforts of our National forces have of late
been crowned with signal and encouraging success in
subduing the existing rebellion; and whereas the Presi-
dent of the United States, in view of this fact, has pro-
claimed the 6th day of August next as a day of National
thanksgiving, Prayer, and Praise to Almighty God;
Resolved, That as American citizens, and as members
of the Union League, we will use our best endeavors to
secure a proper and general religious observance of that
day in this city.
July 27, 1863
From the Wounded Soldiers in Hospital
[extract from a private letter]
Philadelphia, July 22, 1863
Dear Husband: We have at last arrived at the hospi-
tal, and found our boys without difficulty. They are
much better than we expected to find them. They were
surprised and delighted to see us. Mr. Marvin got hold
of my hand, and I thought he would never quit shaking
it. My Charley is weak, but is able to go out. The
physicians and nurses on the field thought he was mor-
tally wounded, and would do nothing for him. He is
very weak from loss of blood. He lay all the time on
the field rolled in a blanket, having thrown away his
pants, which were soaked with blood. In this condition
he came to Baltimore, where they remained overnight
in the hospital. Great numbers of ladies visited them
there, and provided them new clothing, and dressed
their wounds, and fed the hungry
We found fourteen wounded Minnesota boys on the
third floor in the hospital. They are all anxious to be
removed to the State hospital. Senator WILKINSON vis-
ited them on the battlefield and promised them that
they should be transferred to the State hospital. He
was very kind to the boys, and gave each needy wounded
soldier five dollars.
We are much fatigued from our long journey, and we
must have rest. We shall return here tomorrow, and
commence distributing the good things we brought, and
shall try to find all the wounded Minnesota boys. To-
morrow I will write again. JANE W. ELY
July 29, 1863
The Late Capt. Periam.--Among the
papers of the late Capt. Joseph Periam,
left in the hands of his agent here, was re-
cently discovered the following, which bore
date May 20, 1861. It appears that upon
entering the service of the Republic--which
he was among the very first to do--Mr Pe-
riam was strongly impressed with the idea
that he would not survive the war. This
presentment of death clung to him through
all of his two years dangerous and difficult
campaigning in Virginia and Maryland. A
few months ago, while on a brief visit to
Winona, he stated in a conversation with
the writer of this paragraph that he never
expected to return--a remark which we at-
tributed to the feeling of uncertainty which
must be engendered in the minds of all who
are exposed to danger, rather than to the
fixed and unconquerable foreboding from
which it sprung. The extract from his
papers is as follows:
"I am fully satisfied that I shall never return from this
war, and am entering the lists with this conviction
fully impressed upon my mind. I am indeed proud of
the privilege afforded me of offering my life in de-
fence of my beloved country. Joseph Periam
July 30, 1863
From Our Wounded Soldiers at Phil-
[Extract from a Private Letter.]
Philadelphia, July 23, 1863
My Dear Husband: To-day I feel quite rested. This
morning we went to the hospital again, and gave them
some of the good things we brought. They are all anx-
ious to be transferred to the Minn. State Hospital, and we
talked with one of the Surgeons, and he says they already
have orders to transfer them. He did not know that
there was a Hospital to receive them. I wish we could accompany
them home, as we could take care of them
while traveling. I think from what I heard them say
individually that they would be ready and able in a week
or so, Mr. Marvin has a pretty bad foot, but he is doing
well. The Surgeon refused to give Charley Goddard a
pass to-day to go out with us. He says his wound in the
thigh is so near the main artery that too much exertion
might cause the it to bleed, and if he was away from the hos-
pital he might bleed to death before he could have help.
We have seen fourteen of our Winona boys in this hos-
pital. They are nearly all of them wounded in the leg.
There may be others in other hospitals in the city. We
will ascertain that to-morrow. Durfee is not here. The
boys think he went on to New York city.
We learn that the graves of the fallen at Gettysburg
were all marked.
Jane W. Ely
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